Move your mouse over Doc's Picture and hear a personal greeting from him...
Doc Dingley 's

Birthstones and Flowers

* Wikipedia - Birthstones

Zodiac Stones

Early civilizations such as India and Babylon have attributed gemstones
with magical properties. Over time, astrologers assigned gems of certain colors
to the twelve signs of the zodiac to help people influence the planets in their favor.

Sign Dates Traditional
Sign Dates Traditional
Aquarius January 21 - February 19 Garnet Leo July 23 - August 23 Onyx
Pisces February 20 - March 20 Amethyst Virgo August 24 - September 23 Carnelian
Aries March 21 - April 20 Bloodstone Libra September 24 - October 23 Peridot
Taurus April 21 - May 20 Sapphire Scorpio October 24 - November 22 Beryl
Gemini May 21 - June 21 Agate Sagittarius November 23 - December 21 Topaz
Cancer June 22 - July 22 Emerald Capricorn December 22 - January 20 Ruby



A birthstone is a gift of a precious material (jewelry, mainly gemstones; themselves traditionally associated with various qualities) that symbolizes the month of birth in the Gregorian Calendar. It is sometimes also called birthday stone (cf. infra; but that word is, confusingly, sometimes used as a synonym for an anniversary gift, which is related to the recipient's age, that is, year of birth).

Traditional birthstones

Often combined with modern birthstone lists, traditional birthstones are older society-based birthstones. Since many different cultures had their own list, jewelers' lists are often inconsistent over what constitutes a traditional birthstone. The table below contains many stones which are popular choices, often reflecting Polish tradition.

The Gregorian calendar has poems matching each month with its birthstone. These are traditionally the stones in English-speaking societies. It is not known whether these verses below are of the originally Gregorian calendar or not. In fact Tiffany & Co. published these poems "of unknown author" for the first time in a pamphlet in 1870.

Three of the verses are repeats,

By her who in January was born
No gem save garnets shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity.

The February born shall find
Sincerity and peace of mind,
Freedom from passion and from care,
If they, the amethyst will wear.

By her who in March was born
No gem save Bloodstone shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity.

She who from April dates her years,
Diamonds shall wear,
lest bitter tears
For vain repentance flow.

Who first beholds the light of day
In spring's sweet, flower month of May
And wears an Emerald all her life
Shall be a loved and a loving wife.

By her who in June was born
No gem save Pearls shall be worn
They will ensure her constancy
True friendship and fidelity.
The gleaming Ruby should adorn,
All those who in July are born,
For thus they'll be exempt and free,
From lover's doubts and anxiety.

Wear a Peridot or for thee,
No conjugal fidelity,
The August born without this stone,
`Tis said, must live unloved; alone.

A maiden born when autumn leaves
Are rustling in September's breeze,
A Sapphire on her brow should bind;
To bring her joy and peace of mind.

October's child is born for woe,
And life's vicissitudes must know,
But lay an opal on her breast,
And hope will lull those woes to rest.

Who first comes to this world below
In dreary November's fog and snow,
Should prize the topaz amber hue,
Emblem of friends and lovers true.

If cold December gave you birth
The month of snow and ice and mirth
Place on your hand a turquoise blue;
Success will bless whate'er you do.
Gregorian Birthstone Poems

 Modern birthstones

In 1912, in an effort to standardize them, the American national association of jewelers, Jewelers of America, officially adopted a list, shown in the "Modern" column in the table below. It is currently the most widely used list in the United States and many other locations, including Australia and Thailand. Some alternates have been adopted to be a less expensive substitute for a cut stone. Tanzanite was added to December by the American Gem Trade Association in 2002.

 Mystical birthstones

Mystical Birthstones are of Tibetan origin and date back over a thousand years.

 Ayurvedic birthstones

The Ayurvedic birthstone list is from the ancient Indian medicine and philosophy dating back to ancient India (1500 BC).

 Birthstone lists

Month Traditional Birthstone(s) Modern Birthstone(s) Mystical Birthstone Ayurvedic Birthstone
January garnet garnet emerald garnet
February amethyst amethyst bloodstone amethyst
March bloodstone, jasper aquamarine jade bloodstone
April diamond, sapphire diamond opal diamond
May emerald, agate emerald sapphire agate
June alexandrite, emerald moonstone, pearl moonstone pearl
July ruby, onyx ruby ruby ruby
August sardonyx, carnelian peridot diamond sapphire
September sapphire, peridot sapphire agate moonstone
October tourmaline, aquamarine opal, tourmaline jasper opal
November citrine, topaz topaz, citrine pearl topaz
December zircon, ruby turquoise, blue topaz onyx ruby

History of birthstones

The first century Jewish historian Josephus proclaimed a connection between the twelve stones in the Aaron's breastplate, the twelve months of the year and the twelve signs of the zodiac.  The Breastplate of Aaron, referred to in Exodus 39:10-14:

10 Then they mounted four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there was a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;
11 in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;
12 in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;
13 in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. They were mounted in gold filigree settings.
14 There were twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.

The precise list of birthstones however can be found in Revelation 21:19-20 where the foundation stones of the new Jerusalem are listed, in the order of the Roman calendar:

14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. . .
19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

The custom of actually wearing birthstones first gained popularity in Poland in the fifteenth century. Tradition suggested everyone wear the birthstone for each month, since the powers of the gemstone were heightened during its month. For the fullest effect, indivuduals needed to own an entire set of twelve gemstones and rotate them monthly.

Birthday stones

While this word has also been used as synonym of Birth stone (see above), there is a separate list of assignment according to the day of the week of the recipient's birth:

Birth flowers

Month Flower
January Carnation, Snowdrop
February Violet
March Daffodil (Jonquil)
April Daisy, Sweet Pea, Tulip
May Sunflower, Lily of the Valley
June Rose, Honeysuckle
July Larkspur
August Lily, Gladiolus
September Forget-me-not, Morning Glory
October Calendula (Marigold), Camellia
November Chrysanthemum
December Holly, Narcissus

Just as there are alternatives with birthstones, there are also alternatives with birth flowers. For example, October is often listed as calendula (marigold) , but is also occasionally noted as being rose or camellia


Month Birthstone Flower






for Pisces

(alt: diamond)
for Aries




Sweet Pea


Lily of the Valley


(alt: alexandrite, or moonstone)






(alt: peridot, or sapphire)






(alt: tourmaline)



Yellow Topaz
(alt: citrine)



(alt: zircon, lapis, blue topaz, tanzanite)



Blue Topaz



Please let us know how we are doing !

 Tell us if you find any broken links or have any recommendations for the page by sending emails to: - in the subject line please mention 'Broken Link' or 'Recommendations'.

 Would you like to have your site considered for addition to the Links or Contacts Pages?
 Perhaps you have a favorite link of your own you would like to have considered?

  Send us an email indicating what your site is about, where it fits, what the site of interest represents and we'll look at it.  Send emails to: - in the subject line please mention either 'Please add my site' or 'Site Link Considerations'.

E n d  o f  P a g e


Copyright! Terms of use & Privacy Policy
Webspace created by Doc Dingley an R&D Enterprises Production


Go to Doc Dingley's Home Page
Go to the
Doc's Main LINKS Page
    Back a Page

Free Hit Counters